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The flag of Turkmenistan has the most intricate design of all national flags in the world. It is also one of the most interesting The green field with the crescent and stars is clearly the symbol of Islam; the crescent and stars represent faith in a bright future, while the white symbolizes serenity and kind-heartedness. The five stars symbolize the five velayats (regions): Ahal, Balkan, Dashhowuy, Lebap and Mary. They also stand for the five senses. The five points of each star symbolize the five states of matter: solid, liquid, gaseous, crystalline and plasmatic. The vertical stripe along the hoist bears five major guls of the Turkmenian carpets. Each gul is a symmetrical medallion, in some cases divided into four quarters in counterchanging colours. Major guls are repeated in rows or in a chequered pattern on the central field of the carpet, and minor guls appear on the border.