Red was the Colour of Umar I, the Caliph who Ruled From AD 634 to 644 and was known as a Great Consolidator of the Islamic empire. in the 14th Century red became the Colour of the Ottoman Empire. The crescent and star found on the Turkish Flag
is the Symbol of Islam.
The Ottoman rule over the centuries has given Turkey a rich history that is often reflected in their national symbols. The Turkey Flag flew high with the red and white colour representing triumph to all those who find pride in Turkish culture.