South Korea

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The white is the Korean national colour,a symbol of purity, peace and justice. Thecentral emblem is a reflection of Chinesecosmogony, in which the opposites of yinand yang unify and co-operate. The yin-yang, a synthesis of the Great Beginning,is called taeguk in Korean and from thisthe flag derives its name Taeguki. In thecorners are four trigrams, which are alsocomposed of the yin (broken bars) andyang (unbroken bars). Clockwise from theupper hoist, the trigrams symbolize:(i) heaven, the south and summer,(ii) the moon, the west, autumn and water,(i) the earth, the north and winter, and(iv) the sun, the east, spring and fire. Theblack stands for vigilance, perseverance,Justice and chastity