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Following the example of other Slavic nations, the Croats in 1848 adopted a red- white-blue horizontal tricolour. When Croatia proclaimed independence in 1941, the arms (checked white and red) were placed in the centre of the tricolour and the badge of Ustasha in the canton. Under communist rule the Croat tricolour was charged with a red star. The crown surmounting the present state arms is composed of shields with the historic arms of Croatia (golden star above silver crescent), Dubrovnik (two red stripes on a blue field), Dalmatia (three golden lions' heads), Istria (golden goat with red horns and hooves) and Slavonica (golden star above red stripe, fimbriated silver, and charged with black marten).